Lithotripsy is a technique that using shock waves to break up the stone in the kidney and its ureteral extension
Litho is a technique that using shock waves to break up the stone in the kidney and its ureteral extension (tube carrying urine from your kidney to your UB). After the commencing Litho, the tiny particles of these stones can be discharged out of your body in your urine.
Why the Procedure is performed: Litho can be used for removing kidney stones with the following:
1) Bleeding tendency.
2) Kidney damaging.
3) Painful states
4) Persistent UTI.
5) Not all types of kidney stones can be treated via Litho. They can be also be removed via:
1. Tubing (endoscopic) inserted into the kidney via a small cut in your back.
2. Small tubing (ureteroscope) inserted via UB into the ureters. Ureters are the tubing connecting your kidneys to the UB.
3. Open surgical interference (rarely applied now).
Associated Risks: Litho is mostly safe over the time. You can discuss this list of complications with your clinician:
1. Bleeds around the kidney that may necessitate BTx.
2. Renal (Kidney) infection.
3. Particles of the stone may block urine flow from the kidney (causing severe pain or harm to the kidney). If happened, additional interference may be required.
4. Particles of the stone may be left in your body (requiring more interference).
5. Stomach or small intestinal ulcerations.
6. Decline in kidney function post-interference.
Before the Procedure: inform your physician about:
o Presence/Absence of a possible pregnancy
o Current medications, even drugs, supplementations, or herbal medications you get with no prescription
o Prior to surgery:
1) Stop blood thinner medications e.g., aspirin, ibuprofen, warfarin (Coumadin), and other medications making it harder with blood clotting. Ask also about the exact timing of holding them.
2) Ask your clinician which medications you must still taking during the day of the procedure.
o On the day of your procedure:
1. You must hold drinking and eating anything several hours prior to the procedure.
2. Take your medications you allowed to take with a small amount of water.
3. You will be informed about the timing of arrival to the hospital.