Q.573. What are the causes of intradialytic hemolysis?
Non-A.P.D. = Non-automated peritoneal dialysis (P.D.).
Acute P.D. (Acute P.D.) = I.P.D. (intermittent P.D.).
CAPD (Continuous ambulatory P.D.)= multiple exchanges during day (us.3) foll. by over-night dwell. A modification: one nighttime exchange é exchange device 👉2 overnight exchanges+3 exchanges é day.
A.P.D.= Automated P.D.: consist of continuous cycler P.D. (CCPD), nightly intermittent P.D. (NIPD) & tidal P.D. (TPD):
CCPD. (Continuous Cycler P.D.)= long daytime dwell + several cycles overnight. Some ptn. don't hv a daytime dwell & some must do a daytime or midday exchange.
INPD (Intermittent Noctornal P.D.)= intermittent techniques, such as nightly intermi-ttent P.D. (NIPD) or intermittent P.D. (IPD), hv ttt. periods ("wet" abd.) alternating é times dur. wch Pr. cavity hs bn drained of Dzt ("dry" abd.).
TPD (tidal P.D.): Pr. cavity always contains at least some Dzt (us.1/2 full) 👉 improves comfort & facilitates drainage . Ptn. may or may not hv a daytime dwell.
DAPD (Daytime ambulatory P.D.)= similar to NIPD except that the exchanges are performed manually during the day.
Optimized P.D.: ☕ . واحده زياده بالنهار مع الشاي
PET: see Q.645
SEP: see Q.651